ROME, December 13 – Despite the initial official recognition of the “historical dimension of Occupational medicine In Italy “and the existence of initiatives for the” historical reconstruction of prevention and health and safety in the workplace “, in our country there are currently no “actual” Work on valuing historical sources and sharing the heritage of knowledge Able to make people understand the reasons behind the successes and failures of prevention and protection measures’ in the field Occupational Health and Safety.
And precisely for this reason, in recent years – it is also characterized by an evolution Information and communication technology (ICT) – “The need to strengthen research into the history of prevention and protection of health and safety in the workplace starting from Valuing experiences Past (international, national and scientific societies) in Occupational medicineby creating new forms of support and engagement (web platforms) for the transfer and use of findings and implementing potential statistical detection systems to give a tool to those involved in preventing risks in the workplace.”
The ministry tells it in an updated fact sheet Enil Medicine, Epidemiology, Occupational and Environmental Health (Dimeila), which has set itself the goal of “highlighting the historical role of International Commission on Occupational Health ( ICO extension), a world-leading international scientific association in the field of occupational health, as an arena in which national and international occupational medicine had the opportunity for dialogue, as well as the first example of the scientific transferability of the results of research and prevention activities that have had a significant impact on public health.
in the fact sheet”The ICOH Heritage Repository’s contribution to enhancing the legacy of expertise and knowledge in the field of occupational health and safetyEdited by A. Valenti, J. Fortuna, F. Bocconi, M. Mirabelle and D. Gagliardi – work Search, collect and arrange conference documents From the International Commission for Occupational Health (ICOH) withinICOH Heritage Repository.
The fact sheet presentation article focuses on the following topics:
As indicated in the introduction and as stated in the Inail document, Dimeila’s management, in order to “promote the wealth of experience and knowledge on occupational health and safety achieved nationally and internationally from the beginning of the 20th century to the present day”, was launched in 2017 – in collaboration with the Department Cultural Heritage of the University of Bologna – A “Warehouse project Contains scientific contributions to occupational medicine that were presented at 32 international conferences of ICOH from 1906 to 2018″.
L’icoh heritage repository created ‘aimed at presenting one An accessible and effective tool For scientists and researchers.” Specifically for accessibility, “priority was given not only to archiving information as a form of protection, but also to digitization as a means of increasing access to research resources.”
that’s it Stages of establishing the Icoh Heritage Repository:
- Surveying and counting the sources to be digitized;
- Assessment of quality standards for collections that have already been digitized;
- Data checking/indexing/revision”.
To date, the repository—which contains more than “20,000 scholarly articles, systematically organized and digitized, up-to-date and easily accessible on the Icoh website, and more than 50,000 authors listed”—is “The most complete collection of scholarly contributions in Occupational medicine“.
On site, searches can be made by “crossing between Three search keys (author name, title of scholarly contribution, keyword; year of conference added and language of contribution advanced search) within the pool of all international conference proceedings, from a total of more than 20,000 downloadable scholarly contributions.
At this stage of experimentation for the effectiveness and efficiency of the warehouse “we chose it Presentation of a study of three medical professionals whose scientific contributions, respectively in the fight against hookworm (Volanti, Milan 1906), sulforaphane (Quarelli, Budapest 1928) and carcinogenesis of vinyl chloride monomer (Viola, Tokyo 1969), have contributed mainly to the development of occupational medicine and the development of legislation relating to health and safety at work” .
These are scholars who, with their original contributions, “have participated in the national and international debate on the topic of health and safety in the workplace and in the evolution of Occupational medicine Innovative interventions compared to the era:
- Joseph Volante (1870 – 1936) – First International Congress of Occupational Diseases. Milan, June 9-14, 1906 – “Sanitary and hygienic conditions for workers in the Sempione Tunnel“:” Giuseppe Volante presented the latest sanitary measures in the context of the works for the construction of the Sempione Tunnel and anticipated a conceptHealth monitoringof workers. His concern not only for the miners’ health but also for adequate living conditions for the miner himself and his family members (building housing, organizing schools to combat illiteracy, etc.) makes Volante a pioneer of the “fundamental” approach to health care, an approach adopted in the Declaration of Alma-Ata in 1978, which later became a key concept in the “Health for All” strategy of the World Health Organization (WHO). Furthermore, he was able to introduce innovative and interdisciplinary aspects by also being involved in engineering work, developing a preliminary approach to epidemiological statistics and an approach towards technical and organizational preventive measures”;
- Gustavo Quarelli (1881 – 1954) – Opera Collection Conference 5. internationalis medicorum pro artificibus calamitate afflictis aegrotisque. Budapest, September 2 – 8, 1928 – “Carbon sulfide poisoning in the processing of rayon“:” Gustavo Quarelli was the pioneer in the studies on carbon sulphide poisoning (CS2) studying its effects clinically and experimentally (Quarelli Syndrome) among those involved in the production of rayon (viscose), even obtaining important recognition at the national and international levels. So far, research on the toxic effects of CS2 was implemented and allowed WHO to recommend parameters and concentration limits for CS2 in processing”;
- Pierluigi Viola (1917 – 1985) – Sixteenth International Conference on Occupational Health. Tokyo, September 22-27, 1969 – “Pathology of vinyl chloride“:” Pier Luigi Viola, at the height of the production of plastics such as polyvinyl chloride (PVC), had the advantage of finding early, albeit with difficulty due to conflicts of interest with industries, the first evidence of Carcinogenic effects of vinyl chloride by firing a process that within ten years led to the drafting of European legislation on the subject.
With respect to these three scientists, their contributions to ICOH conferences and publication of studies in conference proceedings “allowed global spread From the results of their research, and to contribute to the development of knowledge in the fieldhookwormsfollower Sulfur carbonate Based on Carcinogenicity of vinyl chloride monomerTheir contributions “formed the basis for subsequent research, also conducted by other authors (Hamilton, Maltoni), and for the development of international regulations for the protection of workers’ health.”
Ultimately, the ICOH Heritage Repository – continues the Inail document – “not only allows a greater understanding of the historical development of international occupational medicine, but can contribute to the study and development of this specialty in individual countries, allowing an investigation of links between different national schools.”
Finally, it should be noted that the point of historiographic interest “is not, of course, related to the claim of the leading role of Italian occupational medicine in the field of the International Organization of Occupational Medicine, but in explaining the causes of a phenomenon that has shown an outstanding continuity over time and that allows us to highlight certain aspects not Only for medical environments, but more generally for the relationship between medicine and civil society in Italy.
In conclusion, we refer you to the full reading of our fact sheet which contains a brief summary of the history and organization of the Ekoh Heritage Repository ( https://repository.icohweb.org/), pointers to the history of ICOH through the key moments that led to the current structure of the organization ( https://repository.icohweb.org/history/), a hypertext list of secret conferences ( https://repository.icohweb.org/list-of-the-conferences/) and especially the indicators and links related to Searches which can be done in the icoh heritage repository ( https://repository.icohweb.org/search/).
Download the document from which the article was taken:
Enel, Department of Medicine, Epidemiology, Occupational and Environmental Health” The ICOH Heritage Repository’s contribution to enhancing the legacy of expertise and knowledge in the field of occupational health and safetyEdited by A. Valenti, G. Fortuna, V. Boccuni, M. Mirabile and D. Gagliardi Fact Sheet 2022 Edition (PDF, 1.89 MB).
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