Recent studies show that even people with a high predisposition to developing type 2 diabetes can reduce this risk.
The incidence of type 2 diabetes is steadily increasing worldwide, with many individuals facing a higher risk than others. However, there is good news: Research has shown that even those with a strong genetic predisposition They can reduce their chances to develop this chronic disease. One of the main factors is regular physical activity.
The importance of sport in the prevention of type 2 diabetes cannot be underestimated. L ‘workout daily It has been shown to have many health benefits, including weight control, increased insulin sensitivity, and improved carbohydrate metabolism.
Particularly relevant is its role in counteracting a genetic predisposition to type 2 diabetes. Even if you are genetically predisposed, leading an active lifestyle and including sports activities in your daily routine can greatly help reduce your risk of developing this condition.
How to manage the risk of developing type 2 diabetes
A study conducted by the University of Sydney found a strong association between higher levels of general physical activity, particularly moderate to vigorous-intensity exercise, and a lower incidence of type 2 diabetes. The study included 59,325 adults in the UK Biobank, all of whom wore exercise trackers. They were then followed for up to seven years to monitor health outcomes.
The UK Biobank is an extensive biomedical database and research resource containing genetic information on the lifestyle and health of half a million British participants, with anonymized data. This included genetic markers associated with a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes. And these people had it 2.4 times the probability compared to others.
The survey showed that more than an hour of moderate physical activity per day was associated with a 74% lower chance of developing type 2 diabetes compared to participants who exercised less than 5 minutes. This was also true when other factors were taken into account.
Another interesting finding was that participants who had a high genetic risk but fell into the most vigorous physical activity category were less likely to develop type 2 diabetes than those who had a low genetic risk but fell into the more vigorous physical activity, lower-intensity training category.
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