Today, field hockey is played by more than 3,000,000 players in 100 countries and 5 continents, it is one of the most followed Olympic sports, the most practiced college sport around the world, has many international competitions, is run by the International Hockey Federation consisting of five associations Continental and 137 National Societies and is practiced by celebrities such as Kate Middleton and Jennifer Lawrence. The origin of the name is controversial: according to the first hypothesis, the name “hockey” derives from the French hoc, which means “shepherd’s stick”, while the second assumption the name arises from the use of cork, which are called clogs, instead of wooden balls for playing. These items came from kegs containing hockey beer, also known as hockey. The truth is that team games that score in goal with spherical objects propelled by bats, bats and curved sticks in a field of variable width between 70 and 100 meters have been played for thousands of years in the four corners of the earth. In Canada, there is a similar version of field hockey called lacrosse, a game in which the Huron Indians resolved hot tribal issues, as emerged from the accounts of the French colonists in the seventeenth century; While in the Scottish Highlands it is called shinty. The field hockey game we see today underwent drastic changes and the modern game was played according to a series of rules and regulations formulated first by the clubs and then the associations. Ice hockey and field hockey are often confused, believing that the only difference between them is the surface of the field, but they are actually sports with a common matrix, and now they are completely different.
What are the benefits of hockey pitches?
The global success of field hockey is probably rooted in the fact that it is a sport with simple rules and ancient gestures and hence brings all the benefits of a team game whose training insists on intense cardio sessions to train breathing and muscle endurance. Which also affects the loss of excess weight.
One of the main benefits of playing hockey is multitasking training, since quick reaction is a necessary component to success, as you are expected to pass and receive the ball in motion.
Not only will you see improvements in agility and balance, it’s only a matter of time before hand-eye coordination improves, the ability to make quick decisions, interpret opponents’ movements, and coordinate with your teammates.
How long does a field hockey match last?
The total duration of a field hockey match is 60 minutes (four quarters every 15 minutes). Prior to 2019, matches were played for 70 minutes, with a five-minute interval after 35 minutes. The clock is stopped when the ball is “dead” due to interruptions such as an injury, spinning, or something else not in the flow of the game. In fact, a 60-minute game usually takes longer to finish.
How many players are in field hockey?
Field hockey can be played indoors and outdoors: outdoor hockey has 10 players plus a goalkeeper per team, while the indoor version has 4 players plus a goalkeeper per team. There are five substitutes on the bench and there is no limit to the number of times a player can be substituted. This is known as rolling substitution. The full-back, full-back and central defender form the defensive unit of the team. Their primary responsibility is to prevent the opposing team from scoring a goal.
On the other hand, the attackers consist of the inside, the wings and the attackers and their main role is to score goals. In modern hockey, there are no fixed jobs, although specific jobs are assigned to players.
In field hockey, midfielders bridge the gap between attackers and defenders and assist in defense and offense.
Each team uses a different lineup of players on the field to suit their playing style.
On the other hand, the goalkeeper is the only player who is authorized to touch the ball with any part of his body. The goalkeeper always wears protective gear such as a helmet, collar, chest plate, knee pads and shin pads, and also wears a jersey of a different color.
Where was field hockey born? What is field hockey called?
Hockey has its roots in ancient times. A raw form of the game was played in Egypt 4,000 years ago, in Ethiopia around 1000 BC and also in Iran around 2000 BC.
Many museums attest that a form of the game very similar to what we know today as field hockey was practiced by the Romans and Greeks. When Europeans crossed the Atlantic and began colonizing North America, they discovered that indigenous peoples had their own games, the precursors to field hockey. Additionally, some museums today show evidence that the Aztecs played hockey centuries before Columbus discovered the New World. Modern field hockey emerged in England in the mid-18th century and is largely attributed to the growth of public schools, such as Eton.
The UK’s first field hockey league was founded in 1876 and drafted the first official regulation, which went through ups and downs for 10 years until it was consolidated thanks to the membership of 10 institutional clubs.
The development of hockey in Southeast Asia
It is known that over the past five hundred years, this sport has been widely practiced in India and in rural areas of undeveloped regions of the world. In the past, villagers would mix homemade bamboo and rubber to make soft balls. One of the reasons the sport was so popular was that it didn’t require a lot of players and the game equipment was very simple. One of the most beneficial aspects of what has now been identified as field hockey has been the lower chance of getting injured, compared to other similar games. This primitive hockey game was played by pushing the ball rather than hitting it, to avoid sending it off the field and ending it in bushes and puddles, resulting in longer ball retrievals. Over the past two centuries, hockey has become so popular in India that people began to consider it the national game of India, the national sport of Pakistan, and also became very popular in Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Korea, Malaysia and Argentina.
“Introvert. Avid gamer. Wannabe beer advocate. Subtly charming zombie junkie. Social media trailblazer. Web scholar.”