For the past few decades, the population growth rate is decreasing in both developed and underdeveloped countries. But when we analyze Pakistan in this regard, the situation is entirely different as rest of the world. According to preliminary results of the 2011 Pakistani census, population growth is higher than had been projected.
In 2011, Pakistan’s population figure was 197.4 million as compare to 134.7 million of census held in 1998. That mean there is increase of 62.7 million in twelve years. Pakistan’s population is increasing beyond the estimated population. Population has been increased by 20 million that is much more than had been forecasted in UN documents.
It is important to note here that over 1.6 million registered Afghans refugees are in Pakistan according to UNHCR while there are 2.7 million registered and illegal Afghans are in Pakistan according to some Pakistani officials. Afghan refugees are the 1.5% of Pakistan’s population. But this is not the accuse in countering population growth. Pakistan is now the fifth most populous country, behind Brazil and ahead of Nigeria.
During 1950-2011, Pakistan’s urban population expanded over sevenfold, while overall population increased by over fourfold.
During 1990-2003, Pakistani sustained its historical leas as the second-most urbanized nation in South Asia with city dwellers making up 36% of its population.
At one side, the world has seen a reduction in birth rates and growth while Pakistan’s growth rate has increased. During 1991-2001, Pakistan growth rate was 25%, a rate that increased by more than one third (to 34%) during 2001-2011. According to statement of UN, Pakistan’s total fertility rate is 3.2 that is above than 2.6 TFR of India and 2.2 TFR of Bangladesh. This fertility rate makes Pakistan the highest of any of the largest countries and one of the highest in the world outside sub-Saharan Africa having TFR of 3.2.
Moreover, the largest metropolitan of Pakistan, Karachi, grew even faster. During 1998-2011, its population growth increased from 9.8 million to 21.2 million. According to report of UN on population statistics, no metropolitan in the rest of world has ever grown at this rate in a little period. The population rate in Karachi is at alarming point and by the end of 2030, Karachi could be the highest populous metropolitan of the world.