Until a few decades ago cancer It was considered a disease associated with aging, as it required more time to develop and more genetic and epigenetic mutations to accumulate in order for malignant cells to multiply and tumor mass. However, we are witnessing today all over the world Dramatic increase from tumors In the 50s of the last centuryas evidenced by a study conducted by Brigham and Women’s Hospital (the second largest hospital after Harvard Medical School) published in Nature Reviews Clinical Oncology, which emphasizes early warning of breast cancer, Colon, esophagus, kidneys, liver and pancreashead and neck, prostate, stomach, thyroid gland, gallbladder and bone marrow, in people who have not yet reached the age of 50, a trend called the “birth group effect,” which means that the risk of cancer increases with each generation compared to the previous generation, the same risk which will continue to rise in subsequent generations.
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The researchers explained that the higher incidence of some types of cancer is certainly due to early diagnosis through screening programs, but this cannot be the only and main reason for the increase in tumors among young people compared to those who begin in old age. Of the 14 types of cancer considered in the aforementioned study, 8 are the same related to the digestive system, an element that has shifted attention to the intestinal microbiota, or rather to modern diets that directly affect its composition, interact with the susceptibility of genomes and epigenetics, and influence, along with changes in lifestyle, the onset and outcome of disease. Scientific evidence has indicated that one of the main causes could be an explosion of risk factors in early childhood and adolescence, related to later alcohol consumption, smoking, obesity and eating certain foods, but also to the lack of time spent sleeping at night. Children sleep much less than they did decades ago.
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Thus, with the exception that a higher incidence of early cancer is associated with an increase in diagnoses during preventive screenings, international scientists traverse data from many countries to investigate and monitor trends in cancer incidence in this decade and in the future globally, as well as because tumors of people under 50 Older adults are often more aggressive than older people, and in Italy it is estimated that one in three Italians will develop cancer in their lifetime. In 2022, more than 400,000 new cases of malignant neoplasms will be registered in our country. More than 90% of new cases Concerned citizens over 50 years of age, but 10% of people who have not yet reached middle age reveal an upward curve and a peak that shows no signs of stopping, since it has been confirmed that people who will be born in the next decade have a higher risk of contracting the disease at this age early. Therefore, the cohort study aims to Health data collection As proven, to recover permanently.
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