Gas pipelines and the “funnel” of Sulmona and the risks to . industries

The goal can no longer be postponed: to reverse the prevailing trend of gas flows in the country. Turn the shoe from south to north. If Moscow is now turning off the taps from the Tarvisio entry point, in Friuli-Venezia Giulia, it has become necessary Rethink Sanam’s current distribution network Construction of three new sections of methane pipelines on the Adriatic Line and a new pressure station on the Abruzzo Apennines, in A new strategic intersection for our energy independence has been identified in SulmonaSnam pipeline infrastructure is currently on hold without going further. A Copernican revolution changes our paradigm by entering an era reverse flowthe reverse flows towards the north, including northern Europe.

With the collapse of relations with Russia, the main supplier of methane in 2021 with 29 billion cubic meters (38% of our needs), the outgoing government was forced to sign a series of agreements with other countries to diversify supplies. By giving Algeria and Azerbaijan an indisputable centrality of suppliesenhancing flows from Mazara del Vallo (the gas inlet from Algiers) and from Melendugno, in Apulia, the inlet of Azerbaijani methane via the tap.
However, it is necessary to review the networkbecause the country’s particular industrial form does not balance the demand for gas northward – at the forefront in Lombardy, Veneto and Emilia-Romagna – for the needs of large energy-intensive factories starving for methane and electricity, the latter transformed by gas – burning thermal power plants, a raw material that constitutes nearly of 50% of our energy mix.

So one The first measures to be taken by the new government that will take office at Shige Palace To give the green light to the Sulmona pressure station, which is working to push the gas arriving at Melindugno to the north, thus compensating for Russian supplies, which are gradually declining to zero, as announced yesterday by Gazprom and Eni. This plant alone is worth an investment of 180 million, and it got the green light for an EIA already in 2018 but has been kept on the waiting list because the priorities were other. Now we need the latest feasibility assessment from the government after the disputed approval process in four regions – Abruzzo, Lazio, Umbria and Marche – which have placed some restrictions on the construction of the partitions, stipulated by the local commissions concerned with the social, environmental and seismic consequences.
Director Sanam planned to spend 2 billion euros by anticipating the construction of the entire infrastructure until 2027, originally planned from 2030, precisely because of the new challenges posed by geopolitics.

It must be connected to the pressure unit Three pipelines with a total length of 443 km: Sulmona Foligno section, awaiting the subsequent licensing steps of the Ministry of Environmental Transformation; that of Foligno-Sestino which lacked the approval of the same directorate; and the Sestino-Minerbio division, for which the building permit was issued. The project will help increase transportation capacity by about 10 billion cubic meters annually. Flows that are not individually attributable to Tap and Transmed, but are also likely to come from other entry points to the Southern Center or from any new import projects.
The topic is closely related to the locating of regasifiers
: It is necessary to install it by the end of March in Piombino and by the end of 2023 in Ravenna. If the line of the Adriatic is ready and fully functional, then nothing will prevent us from doing this also in the south, but for the time being it will be useless.

Thelma Binder

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